Lindau on Lake Constance
The island town on Lake Constance
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An unforgettable stay
Already on the bridge that connects the Lindau mainland with the island, a view opens up that gives an idea of what makes Lindau so attractive: Against the backdrop of the Alpine chain, the bright green of the old villa gardens and the historic old town, all this promises an unforgettable stay.
History of the town on Lake Constance
The small town of Lindau, which in its more than 1,100-year-old history first developed mainly on the island of Lindau, which has an area of just under 0.7 km², today 33 km² with mainland areas and about 25,000 inhabitants, dates back to a monastery founded in the 9th century. At the latest since 1275 Reichsstadt, Lindau lost its independence in the course of the annexation by Bavaria in 1806.
From 1945 to 1955 Lindau was a constitutional curiosity. During the period of occupation, the city and district did not belong to the US zone like the rest of the later federal state of Bavaria, but as an exclave to the French military administration. Differently, than in the remaining occupation areas, where from 1946 popular representations were introduced, the district president was in the Lindauer municipal area as the highest official only German legislative and executive organ.
The locals and guests of the small town on and in Lake Constance have a range of opportunities to enjoy culture or do sports. The "Reichsstädtische Bibliothek", with its almost 150 cradle prints, is the first address for those interested in history and bibliophilia. In the city museum housed in the baroque Cavazzen House you can inform yourself extensively about Lindaus history and culture. The Gothic panel painting "Lindauer Beweinung" from the year 1420 on display here is nationally known. The Lindau museum landscape is complemented by the Peace Museum, which was inaugurated in 1980 in the mainland district of Schachen and focuses on the presentation of personalities important to the peace movement at Villa Lindenhof.
The location of Lindaus in Lake Constance naturally makes water sports and sailing an outstanding sport for sports fans. Very recommendable for bath friends is the extremely delightfully arranged art nouveau bath Parkstrandbad Bad Schachen. The indoor adventure pool "Limare" is an excellent alternative not only in bad weather. Golfers can hole up on the Lindau mainland on one of the most beautiful greens in Europe against the panoramic backdrop of the Alps.
Lindau events and festivals
Every year in June, the sailing and Lake Constance regatta "Rund um" organised by the local sailing club and the "Sparkassen Marathon im Dreiländereck", which begins every October in the port of Lindau, are sporting events, with runners running over sections of the route in Germany, Switzerland and Austria.
The "Lindauer Narrensprung" (Lindauer Fools' Jump), which follows the tradition of the Swabian-Alemannic carnival and attracts many visitors on carnival Sunday, is a different sporting event. A further main festival of the city population is the children's festival celebrated since 1665, which begins at the end of July as a primary school children's festival with procession and gift customs and becomes an adult folk festival in the evening.
Enjoy autumn on Lake Constance in Lindau
Lake Constance fish on your plate, freshly squeezed apple juice in a glass and a hike through colourful vineyards: autumn is the most enjoyable time of the year at Lake Constance. For two weeks the communities of Lindau, Wasserburg, Nonnenhorn and Bodolz will be taking on the proof and will be inviting you to the "Genussherbst am Lindauer Bodensee" from 13 to 27 October 2018.
Whether guided tours through wineries and fruit farms, culinary hikes or tastings of cheese and chocolate: the region, which has been awarded the "Place of Enjoyment in Bavaria" label, serves up an exquisite event menu. The menus of the local restaurants are also dominated by pumpkins, game and the like. All events, menus and packages are summarised in a handy brochure, which is available from the tourist information offices and can be downloaded at www.lindauerbodensee.de/genussherbst
Especially the old town ensemble on the Lindau island offers the visitor many attractive architectural accents. On city tours, which sometimes take place at night, you can get to know the small cosmos of the city in an entertaining way under expert guidance.
The catholic "Münster unserer Lieben Frau" (Cathedral of our Lady) rises on the market square. After a major fire (1728), which destroyed most of the city, it replaced the 9th century building of the old collegiate church in 1752. In addition to the cathedral, three other churches can be visited on the small island: The Protestant Stephans Church with its unusual pulpit in the middle of the nave, the Catholic St. Peter's Church and the secularised Barfüßer Church, which since 1951 has been the "Stadttheater" (City Theatre) with space for 700 visitors.
The landmark of the city is its harbour entrance, which is flanked by the "New Lindauer Lighthouse" (33 m high) built in 1856, the southernmost lighthouse in Germany, and the six-metre-high sculpture of the "Bavarian Lion" created in the same year. Worth seeing are also the medieval "Mangenturm", formerly also used as a lighthouse, the "Diebsturm" (theft tower) built in the 14th century as part of the city fortifications and the "Alte Rathaus" (old town hall) from the 15th century.
Lindaus main shopping street, Maximilianstraße, is characterised by numerous merchants' and craftsmen's houses built in the 16th and 17th centuries with the typical dormers and wood carvings of the Lake Constance area. In addition, there is a "Michpilz", a kiosk in the form of a fly agaric designed. This type of kiosk was typical of everyday culture in the 1950s.
City of Nobel Laureates
The annual "Conference of Nobel Laureates" is a special feature of Lindau that is attended by top-class scientists. Since 1951, Nobel Laureates have met with other scientists in Lindau for a week of mutual exchange of views (2012: 600 participants). The 1955 Lindau Nobel Laureate Conference attracted worldwide attention with the adoption of the "Mainau Declaration" against the use of nuclear weapons, signed by Otto Hahn, Max Born, Werner Heisenberg, Linus Pauling and 14 other Nobel Laureates.
Tipps bei gutem und schlechtem Wetter
Bei schönem Wetter sollten Sie sich auf jeden Fall etwas Zeit nehmen, um in Ruhe die Lindauer Insel zu erkunden. Spazieren Sie vorbei am alten Rathaus, durch die historische Innenstadt, bis vor an die Uferpromenade. Dort haben Sie eine wunderschöne Sicht auf die berühmte Lindauer Hafeneinfahrt und den Leuchtturm. Auch bei kühlerem Wetter kann solch ein Spaziergang mit der passenden Kleidung sehr schön sein. Im Anschluss können Sie sich in einem der vielen, heimeligen Cafés und Restaurants bei einer Tasse Kaffee oder Kakao aufwärmen.
Ebenfalls toll, wenn das Wetter mitspielt ist der Kulturpfad entlang der bayrischen Riviera. Der Pfad führt durch farbenfrohe Grünanlagen, ab und zu können Sie einen Blick auf die prunkvollen Anwesen erhaschen und sogar in ein paar davon reinschauen.
Für den Fall, dass eine Unternehmung draußen nicht in Frage kommt empfehlen wir das Vital- und Spaßbad Limare, die Lindauer Marionettenoper oder den Lindaupark. Im Lindaupark laden über 40 Shops zum bummeln und schlemmen ein.